MAGHA PURNIMA 2021 | Future Point


By: Future Point | 27-Feb-2021
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An important day for the Hindus, Magha Purnima is celebrated on the full moon day in the Hindu month of Magha. As per the Gregorian calendar, the day usually comes in the end of January or in the month of February. Considered highly important, people usually observe a day-long fast on the day by performing special religious & spiritual rituals.  

Magha Purnima Date in 2021

Magha Purnima in 2021 will be celebrated on Saturday, 27th February. 

Purnima Tithi will begin at 03:49 P.M. on February 26th, 2021

Purnima Tithi will end at 01:46 P.M. on February 27th, 2021

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Importance of Magha Purnima

Originating from the Magh Constellation, Magh Poornima or Magha Purnima is celebrated with a holy bath in the ganges river. The day gives special importance to philanthropic activities and absolving oneself of the sins of the past. As per ancient beliefs, Gods and Goddesses take human form on this day to take a dip in the holy Ganges river whilst chanting prayers and hymns. In the Hindu scriptures, special importance is levied on this day if Magha Purnima coincides with the sighting of Pushya Constellation. 

Much of reverence is paid to bathing in the holy river, Prayag and wishing the lord smiles upon you to provide relief from the sins of your past. Starting from the first day of Magha month, one must resolve to perform charitable deeds to attain glory and salvation in the future. In the holy land of Prayag, people reach from all over the world to perform the rituals of the day like offering prayers, donating animal livestock, performing a havan at the bank of the river after taking a dip. Specific importance is given to Prayag as it is the confluence point of the rivers Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati. 

Popularly known as Maghi Purnima, it is the most important day of the Hindu month of Magh. As per the ancient texts, people usually take a dip in the river Ganga or Yamuna throughout the month, starting from Paush Purnima and end the rituals with Magha Purnima. All good deeds and philanthropic activities done in this duration are believed to provide salvation to the doer and garner them good results in their current life. Sant Ravidas Jayanti is also celebrated on this same day. 

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Note: The Kumbha Mela and Magha Mela is also held during this time. People from all over the world flock to Prayagraj, erstwhile Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh to offer their prayers and take a holy dip in the pristine 'Triveni River'. 

In Buddhism, the day of Magha Purnima finds special importance as it is believed that Lord Buddha announced his impending death on this exact day. In southern states of India like Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, the Float Festival is held on the day of Magha Purnima with beautifully adorned idols of Lord Sundeshwara and Goddess Meenakshi carefully mounted on boats participating in the festivities. 

Magha Purnima Pujan Vidhi & Rituals for Fast

In order to absolve all sins of the past, it is believed that one must observe a fast on this day and perform all rituals with utmost devotion and reverence for Lord Vishnu. 

The pujan vidhi for observing a fast on Magh Purnima is as follows:

  • Wake up early morning on the day of Purnima and take a bath first thing. It is important to note that you must add gangajal in case you can't take a dip in the holy ganges. After that, offer water and prayers to the Sun Lord whilst chanting the Surya Been Mantra. 
  • Worship Lord Vishnu and Madhusudan after offering them fruits and flowers. On this day, the devotees offer their prayers to Lord Hanuman, Goddess Parvati, and Lord Brihaspati as he lords over the Magha Constellation. You can also keep your Ishta Dev's idol on the altar to worship. 
  • You must feed Brahmins and offer them generous donations. Not to forget, you are to offer food to the needy and poor during the Madhyahant Period. 
  • It is considered highly auspicious to donate sesame seeds, clothes, food, cereals, jaggery, and ghee on this day. If you can, either perform a Maha Homan or visit a temple to take part in a hawan before the tithi ends to perform a tarpan ceremony for your ancestors. 
  • People also perform Satyanarayan Katha and vrat on this day. Place the idol of Lord Vishnu on the altar along with offerings like, til, supari, pan, sandalwood paste, fruits, and sweets. In case you can't perform Satyanarayan Vrat Katha at home, you can visit a Vishnu temple and offer your prayers there. 
  • To observe a fast on Magha Purnima, one must abstain from eating the entire day, as only one meal is allowed. In the evening, you are to break your fast only after offering 'ardhya' to the moon. 
  • It is considered that one who performs the fast and rituals of the day with utmost devotion is rewarded with the lord's grace and love. 

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Astrological & Religious Significance of Magh Purnima

On the day of Magha Purnima, Sun enters Capricorn zodiac sign, and Moon enters the Cancer zodiac sign. Those with an afflicted Sun or Moon in their Kundli are advised to observe a fast today and pacify these two planets to garner good results in life. Performing all the rituals related to the festival with utmost devotion are able to overcome all obstacles related to these two planets.  

The month of Magha also finds religious significance in the ancient scripture. As per the Brahma Vaivarta Purana, Lord Vishnu descends on earth on this particular day and resides in the River Ganges, therefore having a bath or dip in the river is considered highly auspicious. The powerful forces in the holy river even have the power to absolve one’s sins of the past and bring them one step closer to attaining salvation. 

By performing the Vishnu Pujan along with observing a fast, the devotee can gain freedom from all their shortcomings and misdeeds by seeking the lord’s mercy & love. Do not forget to do charitable deeds throughout the Magha month and perform a ‘Tarpan’ for your ancestors on the last day, or Purnima. If you can, try to perform a hawan on the day of Magh Purnima or visit a Vishnu temple. 

Future Point wishes you a very happy Magha Purnima! May Lord Vishnu fulfill all your hopes & wishes this 2021!

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