Sorry, your browser does not support JavaScript!

Calculation of Sidereal Time and Ascendant

Calculation of Sidereal Time and Ascendant

By: Future Point | 25-Jul-2018
Views : 478

In this lesson we are describing sidereal time and are listing the formulas to derive 10th house and ascendant degree accurately using sidereal time. Oral computation of ascendant is also described. Attention is drawn towards the common error committed by most of the fellow astrologers in the computation of ascendant or planet degrees.

One Solar day is the time between two successive passages of the sun across the meridian as observed at a particular place. In astrology, we are interested in motion of stars. We want to know the time period of earth when any star is observed to return to the same position. Such a clock is called a sidereal clock and its time, being regulated by stars is called sidereal time.

There are 365.2422 days in the year. During this period, the earth makes one revolution around the Sun. If we look from remote stars, we see that the earth has made 366.2422 circles about its axis in 365.2422 days. Each sidereal day is thus :


Click Here to get a detailed Consultation from Top Astrologer

palm reading

Duration of one sidereal day = Duration of sidereal year/No. of sidereal days

    = 365.2422/366.2422

    = 23 hr. 56 m 4.09 s

(shorter by 3 min 55.91 seconds than the mean solar day of 24 hours.)

GMT and Greenwich sidereal time coincide at one instant every year at the autumnal equinox (around September 22). Thereafter, the difference increases until half a year later it is 12 hours (around March 23). After one year, the times again coincide.

To compute sidereal time manually, please refer to "Tables of Ascendants" by N.C. Lahiri.

The 10th House or Mid-Heaven :

The point of intersection of the ecliptic of the given time with the meridian of the place is the tenth house for that moment. If A is the sidereal time expressed in degrees and B is the tenth house, then tenth house can be computed as : tan B = tan A Sec wwhere w is the inclination of earth’s equatorial plane to the ecliptic.

Ascendant :

The ascendant is the point of intersection of the ecliptic with the eastern horizon of the place. if A is the sidereal time in degrees + 900then

    tan B = tan A cos w ....(1)

From A & B, we can evaluate D the declination & q =90 - angle between meridian & ecliptic, as:

    sin D = sin A sin w ....(2)

    sin q = sin w cos b ....(3)

From D & q, we compute the ascendant as :

    tan E = sin D tan(j + q) ..(4)

where j is the latitude of the place.

    Ascendant = B + E ....(5)

The value of the ascendant as calculated above is the sayan value. Subtracting ayanamsa we get nirayana ascendant. The above formulae gives accurate values of ascendant. In absence of scientifc calculators, the ascendant & the tenth house can be computed using tables of ascendant by N.C. Lahiri. However, calculation of ascendant using tables gives rise to errors because of tables not available for the given place or for the given sidereal time. This error some times goes upto many minutes of arc.


Click Here to Get Kaalsarap and Manglik Dosha Report

palm reading

Approximate computation of Ascendant :

The ascendant can also be computed approximately orally from date of time of birth. It does not vary much because of latitude or longitude, if local time is taken. So take the standard time & roughly estimate the local time. Take the date of birth and estimate the Sun degree, using the fact that it is 00 on 14th April and it advances by 10 everyday or 1 sign every month.

Month Sun’s entry Month Sun’s entry
April Aries October Libra
May Taurus November Scorpio
June Gemini December Sagittarius
July Cancer January Capricorn
August Leo February Aquarius
 September Virgo March Pisces

If the date of birth is December 13th, then as per table given Sun enters into Sagittarius on 15th Dec. Hence it is approximately on 280 scorpio on 13th December in any year.


Consultancy

Since at Sun rise, Sun is at the eastern horizon, so the Sun degree matches with the ascendant degree. Hence at Sun rise on 13th December any year, the ascendant is approximately 280 Scorpio. After that it increases by the sign every 2 hours or 10 every 4 minutes. More accurately, it crosses six signs from Sun rise to Sun set and next six signs from Sun set to Sun rise. So if time of birth is 1 PM and since sunrise is approximately at 7.15 AM in Delhi at that time and day duration is only about 10 hours the ascendant after 5hrs. 45 minutes of sunrise shall be 3 signs and few degrees away than the Sun, that is, it will be just crossing Aquarius and reaching Pisces.

Actual calculations show that ascendant on 13.12.56 at 1 PM at Delhi is 90 7’ Pisces.

Traditionally, we calculate ascendant from Ishta Ghati using Palabha, Lankodaya, Udaymaan and Sun degrees for different signs. However because of better trignometric methods described above we are not putting it down here.

To make the task easy, Panchangs give ending time of ascending signs on daily basis for a given place. These tables can be directly used to get fairly correct ascendant sign. An interpolation of time between the two signs also gives us ascendant accurate to a degree normally sufficient for most of the astrological predictions.


Click Here to Get Pitra Dosha Report

palm reading

Ascendant calculation for foreign births : To utmost surprise, at least 50% astrologers commit mistake in calculating the ascendant for foreign births. This is mainly because they convert the time of birth to Indian Standard time. This way if a birth has taken place in the morning in New York, it becomes evening in India. Then when we calculate the horoscope, we find sun placed in the 7th house, whereas it should be in the ascendant by virtue of the definition of ascendant itself.

The trigonometric method above holds good for any date, time and place of birth. You do not have to change anything anywhere. However, if you want to compute ascendant orally, then also go for the method prescribed above. It will give approximately correct value of ascendant for any longitude or latitude (south latitude also).

To make the task further easy, take any Panchang which gives ending moment of signs for given local time of birth. Compute the local time by making oral correction for longitude to time zone and look into the table to get ascendant accurate to few degrees. This works because of the basic fact that ascendant varies only by a few degrees due to latitude.


Click Here to Get Kaalsarap and Manglik Dosha Report

palm reading

Further note that to calculate planet positions using ephemeris or Panchangs, it is necessary to convert time from other time zone to IST since the Panchangs are giving values at IST only.

This is the common mistake done by most of the astrologers that they convert time to IST for calculation of ascendant and take the time as it is for calculation of planet degrees. So, remember : Do not convert time to IST for ascendant calculation of foreign births but convert the time to IST for planet degree calculations.



Get Your Personalised Horoscope Reports


Bhrigu Patrika

The ancient Sages of India, in the form of astrology, gave humanity one of the greatest gifts that can be used to life a wonderful life. One such renowned Sage was Bhrigu and the methodology that he d

Sample Horoscope : Hindi | English

1999 1599

Kundli Darpan

Kundli darpan is a complete 110 page report of numerology prediction and astrology calculations along with all essential remedies. The online kundali report contains five year transit prediction with

Sample Horoscope : Hindi | English

999 799

30 Year Report Pack

30 Year Report is most comprehensive Horoscope of astrological calculations and predictions along with all essential remedies. In a way it is a life book containing all sorts of astrological calculati

Sample Horoscope : Hindi | English

2499 1999

Match Analysis Detailed

Matching horoscope takes the concept of natal astrology and applies it to interpersonal relationships between two individuals, usually by comparing their Birth Charts to one another.

Sample Horoscope : Hindi | English

1999 1599

Get Personalised Guidance from our Top Astrologers


Arun Bansal

Experience: 40 Years

Expertise : Astrology, Vastu

Mr. Arun K. Bansal is a hot favourite of those who seek consultancy in astrology & Vastu as he has gained limitless clout by way of his uncanny predictions, interpretations & research work. His disarming simplicity endears him to all and sundryRead More..

Service :

Detailed Analysis

5100

Basic Analysis

3100

Yashkaran Sharma

Experience: 25 Years

Expertise : Astrology

Celebrity astrologer, career counselor, motivational speaker & remedy expert Mr. Yashkaran Sharma having more than 25 yearss of experience in predictive astrology is well versed with all systems of astrology since his childhood years. He is the author of famous book "ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ASTROLOGICAL REMEDIES". He is especially consulted for getting career related advice. Therefore he is a hot favorite among young people and business personsRead More..

Service :

Detailed Analysis

3100

Basic Analysis

2100

Subscribe Now

Daily Horoscope on Your Email

Subscribe

Top Horoscope ReportGet your from best selling horoscope reports

There are various Vedic Horoscope models based on Vedic astrology and the user can make any one of his choice

Bhrigu Patrika

pages:  190-191
Free Sample: Hindi | English

Kundli Darpan

pages:  100-110
Free Sample: Hindi | English

Kundli Phal

pages:  40-45
Free Sample: Hindi | English

Match Analysis

pages:  58
Free Sample: Hindi | English

My Kundli

pages:  21-24
Free Sample: Hindi | English

ConsultancyOur experts are ready to solve your problems.

Get astrology predictions from the renowned astrologers of India. Objective of astrology is to give accurate predictions about future but its utility lies in the correct and effective solutions to our problems. Therefore, you can consult your friendly astrologers not only for knowing what the future has in store for you but also for getting most effective solutions for your problems pertaining to any area of life

Astrologer Arun Bansal

Arun Bansal

Experience:   40 Year

Detailed Consultancy

5100 Consult

Astrologer Yashkaran Sharma

Yashkaran Sharma

Experience:   25 Year

Detailed Consultancy

3100 Consult

Astrologer Abha Bansal

Abha Bansal

Experience:   15 Year

Detailed Consultancy

2100 Consult

SIGN UP TO NEWSLETTER
for free daily, weekly & monthly horoscope

Download our Free Apps

100% Secure Payment

100% Secure

100% Secure Payment (https)

High Quality Product

High Quality

100% Genuine Products & Services

Help / Support

Call: 91-9911185551, 011 - 40541000

Helpline

9911185551

Trust

Trust of 35 yrs

Trusted by million of users in past 35 years