Top 10 important facts to know about Gayathri mantra
By: Future Point | 21-Sep-2018Views : 1688
In Hindu religion, one of the most important mantras is Gayathri mantra. It is also the only mantra which is considered to be in the Pedestal above all other Mantras. In fact, in Taittreeya Upanishad, which defines that for any Mantra, the following Six qualities must be present. These qualities are: Varnaha (letter pronounced as it is), Swaraha (Swaram and Swaraha is the same which is hymn), Maatra (time spend on the letter to be spend- long, short and on vowel) Balaha (stress that you give for each letter), Saama (speed in which one should chant) and finally Santhanaha or Shruti (all have to chant in the same shruti while chanting in a group). Therefore, Gayathri is the only mantra which has little exception and permits a native deviate from the above stringent but important rules. Hence Gayathri mantra is omnipotent, omnipresent and omniscient. Hence, it is one of the wondrous mantras in Hindu religion.
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The following is the script of Gayathri Mantra.
Om Bhur Bhuvaḥ Swaḥ
Bhargo Devasya Dhīmahi
Dhiyo Yonaḥ Prachodayāt
What is the meaning of Gayathri Mantra?
The general meaning of the mantra is that We meditate on that most adored Supreme Lord, the creator, whose effulgence (divine light) illumines all realms (physical, mental and spiritual). May this divine light illumine our intellect for ever. However not many are satiated with this meaning. Since, each word in the Gayathri mantra has a certain meaning. Following are word by word meaning of the mantra.
Om: The primeval sound; Bhur: the physical body/physical realm; Bhuvah: the life force/the mental realm Suvah: the soul/spiritual realm; Tat: That (God); Savitur: the Sun, Creator (source of all life); Vareñyam: adore; Bhargo: effulgence (divine light); Devasya: supreme Lord; Dhīmahi: meditate; Dhiyo: the intellect; Yo: May this light; Nah: our; Prachodayāt: illumine/inspire.
In fact, Gayathri mantra is of several type. However, the one mentioned in this article is a Universal mantra largely address to Goddess Savitri and Lord Sun. Being a Universal mantra, Gayathri mantra is also known as Maha-Mantra and has many importance. Hence benefit of Gayathri Mantra are manifold.
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Let us check the Top 10 important facts to know about Gayathri Mantra:
- Gayathri Mantra first appeared in the Rig Veda.
- Later, many other versions of Gayathri Mantra were incorporated in Sama, Yajur and Athava Veda.
- Many of the lyrics of Gayathri mantra were adapted in other form of Gayathri mantra too.
- Om Bhur Bhuvah Suvah is not actually a part of a Gayathri mantra. It is a special utterance called vyahriti that has been added to the beginning of this famous Gayathri.
- These were the only three lines in Gayathri Mantra: Tat-savitur varenyam. - Bhargo Devasya Dhīmahi, and Dhiyo Yo nah Prachodayāt. The rest of the lyrics were included later.
- The most important word in the Gayathri mantra is the word, “tat,” which is a neuter pronoun meaning “that.” It is a reference to “that One,” God.
- There are two verbs in the Gayathri mantra, Dhīmahi and Prachodayāt. Dhīmahi means, “let us meditate Prachodayāt literally means, “it should push.
- In fact, In Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna while describing himself as the Supreme One says he has many forms, in the form of Gayathri mantra, the primal sound Om and several others are part of lord Krishna himself.
- This being a universal mantra, one can chant the same at one’s place of residence, office or place of work and even in temples.
- Also, Gayathri mantra can be address to any form of God and Goddess.
Thus, the importance of Gayathri mantra is immense and any one chanting the same is assured to enjoy liberation or Moksha.
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