The Five Elements
Everything in this world is made of Fire, Earth, Metal, Water and Wood. The Chinese
people believe that every person is influenced by these elements according to his
date of birth and year of birth.
These 5 elements also create or destroy other elements.
The use of these elements must be balanced. When an element becomes too much strong
or weak, problems crop up.
Elements move in a circle like a wheel and help one another. For example Water generates
Wood. Wood produces Fire. Fire creates ash or Earth. Earth gives Metals. Liquid
Metals are like Water.
When this wheel moves backwards, destruction follows. It is essential to know how
these elements create or destroy one another.
The year of birth of a person decides which element is important for him. Matters
related to that element predominate the life of that person. Further, these elements
have a specific size. Every element has a distinct identity, direction, colour,
season, animal, characteristics and personality.
The basis of use of 5 elements in Feng Shui is Chinese Astrology. Every person can
identify the elements in his birth chart as Time, Day , Date and Year of Birth are
related to elements. These elements are related to one another according to following
As shown in diagram Wood generates Fire, i.e. fire is produced by burning of wood.
Fire creates Earth as by burning of wood ash (earth) is produced.
Earth creates Metal as metal is obtained by digging of earth.
Metal produces Water because when metal is melted it becomes a liquid. Water produces
wood because a tree is grown by irrigating it by water.
In destructive cycle wood destroys Earth because trees are grown on earth. They
extract all minerals and makes land barren.
Earth destroys water as soil takes all
water. Water destroys Fire. Fire destroys Metal as it melts the metal.
Metal destroys Wood as sharp metallic instruments cut the trees.
It is essential to understand these cycles for proper use of Feng Shui.
Direction : East
Season : Spring
Colour : Green
Size : Rectangular
Animal : Dragon
Virtue : Help to others
Quality : Dedication, Loyalty
Planet : Jupiter
Wood is creative. Wood oriented persons are creative and energetic. They make many schemes. Impressive personality, interest in arts, full of enthusiasm and success
are other traits. Such persons are imaginative.
Weak points : They are short tempered and lack in patience. They do not complete
the work undertaken.
Plants, trees, wooden furniture, ships, wooden planks, cane furniture, flowers,
leaves, poles, green colour, paper, landscape painting, green clothes.
Direction : South
Season : Summer
Colour : Red
Size : Triangle
Animal : Phoenix
Virtue : Good character and rectitude
Quality : Skill in arguments and logic
Planet : Mars
Fire gives enthusiasm and energy. Due to this reason Fire oriented people are leaders.
This element gives glory. Such people are active. They encourage others to follow
them. They like justice. All this is valid only when this element is present in
appropriate quantity. Its excess changes personality. They become critics, use foul
language, are quarrelsome and envious.
Sunlight, lamp, oil, electrical goods, candles, fire, domestic animals, wild animals,
violent animals, geyser, statue, stone statues, corner articles, arrows, red things.
Direction : Middle
Season : Unchanged
Colour : Brown, Yellow, Orange
Size : Square
Animal : Bull
Virtue : Belief
Quality : Honesty
Planet : Saturn
Earth gives stability, confidence and understanding. It indicates patience, honesty,
faith and a balanced personality. Persons of this element are kind hearted and responsible.
They show courage in difficulties. They possess sixth sense. However when they have
excessive Earth qualities, they become obstinate.
Stones, square shape, cement, bricks, straw, clay articles, flower pots.
Direction : West
Season : Winter
Colour : White
Size : Circular
Animal : Panther
Virtue : Justice
Quality : Plain speaking
Planet : Venus
Metal is an element of trade and financial success. Metal persons are religious,
they follow principles, have serious thinking. They do not accept help easily. They
are tough, plain speaking people. They can be aggressive. They possess business
acumen that can make them clever and wicked.
All metals, domes, metallic things, doors, kitchen utensils, white and grey things,
silver articles, crystals, mild and light colours, metallic statues, watches.
Direction : North
Season : Winter
Colour : Black, Blue
Size : Irregular, Oval
Animal : Tortoise
Virtue : Intelligence
Quality : Firmness
Planet : Mercury
Water persons are communicative, diplomatic, flexible and dependable. They are artistic,
sentimental and understand feelings of others. They are fond of music, kind hearted
and imaginative. They possess sense of humour and a versatile talent. They impress
people easily. However, excess of these traits gives extreme thoughts. Mood may
be unstable. They could be cowards, nervous and tense.
Rivers, falls, ponds, lakes, blue-black colour, mirrors, glass, fish tanks, pictures
of water, fountains, glass bottles, money plant, crystal, house of varying height,
How the elements may be regulated
As discussed earlier, every person belongs to an element i.e. one element is predominant
in him. Apart from the virtues of that element, people suffer and face problems
according to undesired traits of that element. This can be offset by use of the
regulating element. Accordingly the house may be arranged. Use of articles related
to your birth element is beneficial for the interior decoration of your home. Further
it is important to take care of birth elements of all persons residing in your home.
It is possible that someone may belong to an opposing element. This problem may
be solved by use of the element in a room related to the person resided by it.
It is also possible to reduce the effect of opposing elements. For example if two
persons residing in a house have Wood and Metal elements, problems are likely to
prevail because Metal destroys Wood. Therefore to maintain harmony between the two
the Water element should be used because Water gives birth to Wood . For promotion
of Water element a fountain or aquarium, crystal or glass object may be used.
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