Diwali 2019: Significance & Laxmi Pujan Vidhi
By: Future Point | 15-Oct-2019Views : 1894
Diwali or Deepavali is an auspicious festival in the Hindu culture. It is the festival, that encompasses the five days long festivities that start from Dhanteras to Bhaiya Dooj. the festival is massively celebrated all over the country. It is also celebrated in various parts of the world as it is the festival that brings happiness to a person’s life. From ancient times, the best Diwali celebration in India because here people knew the whole rituals to celebrate it. According to Sanskrit scriptures, Deepavali means a series of light due to which it is called the festival of lights.
The festival signifies the victory of light over darkness as representing the conquest of good over evil. As Diwali is a glorious festival, it is also celebrated by communities like Jains, Sikhs, and Newar Buddhists. People celebrate the festival with full excitement and joy. Diwali is mainly observed every year during the Amavasya of Kartik month, which is deemed to be an auspicious time in the Hindu calendar.
Diwali 2019 Date in India is 27th October.
The festival is mainly worshipped to seek blessings from deities, and it is a magnificent festival that attracts good wealth and peace in a person's life.
Read in Hindi: 2019 दीपावली विशेष- महत्व, पूजा विधि एवं शुभ मुहूर्त
Deities of Diwali
The auspicious festival is celebrated in the honor Lord Rama, who returned to Ayodhya after an exile of 14 years. The festival mainly signifies the victory of light over darkness as several demons or evils were annihilated during 14 years of exile period. From ancient times, Goddess Laxmi and Lord Ganesha are worshiped on this day. As Lord Vishnu cannot be worshiped at this time period because he is said to be in deep sleep. The festival fills the person’s life full of prosperity and happiness.
Goddess Laxmi signifies luxury, wealth, and prosperity. Worshiping her on Deepawali with full sincerity and faith can fill the person's life up to the brim with happiness as she attracts wealth and prosperity. She makes a person’s life full of luxury & abundance. Wealth without intelligence is worthless as a person will spend all of his/her without thinking. Another deity, who is worshiped on Diwali is Lord Ganesha, the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. He blesses the person with intelligence and prosperity. Lord Ganesha is also known as Vighnaharta, as he removes all the obstacles and difficulties from the person’s path. According to Indian Astrology, it is said that worshipping both gods together promises to bring massive wealth, gaining opportunities and prosperity in life. They both were worshiped because one always has a desire to be intelligent and wealthy in life. On the auspicious day of Diwali, victory is gained over darkness or evil.
See detailed Diwali festival calendar here: Diwali 2019 Calendar
Significance of 5 Days of Diwali
The celebration of Diwali generally lasts for five days. The main celebrations are on the third day but every day has its own importance.
According to ancient scriptures, Dhanteras is considered as an auspicious festival on which individual desires for wealth in life. In Sanskrit, Dhan means wealth and teras means thirteenth. The day is devoted to attaining prosperity. To embrace Goddess Lakshmi, people on this day purchase precious metals such as Gold, SIlver or utensils made of Stainless Steel or Brass.
- Narak Chaturdashi
On this day Lord Krishna beheaded evil Narakasura with his Sudarshan chakra. According to ancient scriptures, the mother of the demon Satyabhama had blessed him that his death will be celebrated with colorful lights.
Also Read: Narak Chaturdashi 2019 : Date & Muhurat
The festival of lights and joy. People welcome Maa Lakshmi by making rangoli in the house. In the evening, special puja is performed to please Lord Ganesha and Goddess Laxmi. People light lamps to eliminate the darkness and distribute sweets.
- Goverdhan Puja
On this day Lord Krishna taught a great lesson to Lord Indra, that egoistic nature doesn’t suit to Dev at all. He lifts the whole Goverdhan mountain on his little finger to save all the villagers. From that day, it is celebrated as Goverdhan Puja.
- Bhai Dooj
On this day, the divine bond of sister and brother is celebrated. It is said that Lord Yama, the God of Death, visits his sister, Yamuna’s house who greeted him with a teeka and sweets. As Yama came empty-handed on that day, he offers a boon to his sister that whosoever will celebrate the Bhai Duj he will not be doomed to hell.
The story behind celebrating Deepawali
Diwali or Deepavali is the festival of lights as Lord Rama returns to Ayodhya after 14 years of long exile. There is an ancient scripture that tells the full reason behind celebrating Diwali. Things started when Rama, the rightful heir of the throne of Ayodhya is asked to go on a 14 years exile. Rama’s stepmother forced King Dashratha to send him on exile so her son can sit on the throne. Rama without any arguments accepts the exile and goes on 14 years long exile. He was accompanied by his beloved wife Sita and brother Laxman.
One day when Rama and Laxman were gone out and Sita was alone in the forest, then one saint came there and asked Sita for some water. When Sita crossed the Laxman Rekha, which is drawn by Laxman for the protection of Sita, that Saint turns into a devil who is Ravan. In the Hindu culture, he is considered as the greatest devotee of Lord Shiva. He abducted Sita and held her in his island fortress of Lanka. When Rama finds out that Sita is missing he becomes enraged and starts finding her vigorously. While he is finding Sita, he met with Hanuman, his greatest devotee. After that, they all start finding Sita. One day they met with an eagle king Sampati, who tried to attack them but stopped, as he came to know that his brother Jatayu sacrifices himself while saving Sita. Then he told them, that evil whose name is Ravan has taken Sita to his kingdom, Lanka.
After knowing this, Lord Hanuman was sent to Lanka to confirm that Sita is there or not. When Lord Hanuman reached there he decreases his size and starts finding Sita there. Eventually, he finds her and gave her Rama’s ring that was given by Lord Rama before leaving for Lanka. After seeing that ring Sita cries and gave her bangles to Lord Hanuman and asked to give that to Rama. Before leaving, Lord Hanuman was caught by an evil army of Ravan. Ravan declares the punishment to Hanuman that burns his tail and leaves him to be. As Lord Hanuman is blessed by various deities, he tries to scare Ravana’s devils by enlarging his tail. However, the devils pay no heed and set fire to Hanuman’s tail. This came to bite Ravana in the head later, as Hanuman sets his entire Lanka cit on fire with his tail.
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After burning Lanka, he reaches to Lord Rama and shows the bangle that was given by Sita, he became happy and emotional.
Rama then decides to attack Lanka and starts making the bridge. The bridge is made of stones on which the name Rama was written. After reaching there, Rama sends Angad there for the final warning but Ravan doesn't listen to him and ordered him to go away. One of Ravan’s brother whose name is Vibhishan also tries to convince Ravan not to fight with Rama but he pays no heed to his brother’s sound advice and throws him out of his kingdom. After this incident, Vibhishan gets involved in Lord Rama’s army. He provides Lord Rama with crucial information about the pros & cons of Ravana’s army and how to defeat him.
The war started and many were killed and in between it Laxman was majorly injured by Ravan’s brother, Meghnath. To cure him Lord Hanuman is asked to bring Sanjeevani booti, but he gets confused and brings the entire mountain to Laxman’s rescue. Laxman was successfully cured and saved.
On the next day of the war, Meghnath was killed and his brother Kumbhkaran was also killed. At last, Ravan comes into the battleground and fights with Lord Rama. Shri Rama is having great trouble in killing Ravan as he is blessed by Lord Shiva’s grace. Vibhishan tells the weakest point of the Ravan and after knowing it Rama successfully kills him.
After his victory over Ravan, Rama returns to Ayodhya and reclaims his throne. On the day of the return of Lord Rama, the entire kingdom of Ayodhya was decorated beautifully and lamps were ignited. This incident imprints the lesson in history, that light will always be victorious over darkness, as representing the conquest of good over evil. From then on, the festival is celebrated with great joy and peace around the world. The people desire to remove all the darkness from their life and brings positivity in life.
Diwali Puja Vidhi
On the auspicious day of Deepawali, the individuals perform Laxmi Pujan. By performing it one seeks direct blessings from Goddess Laxmi & Lord Ganesha. Laxmi Puja is one of the most pompous facets of Diwali. On this auspicious day, Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha, and Maa Saraswati are respected in the evening. According to the ancient Scriptures, Goddess Lakshmi descends to earth and visits every house. It is said that the house which is neat and clean, Goddess Laxmi will reside in that house and blesses it with wealth and prosperity.
There are some points that are needed to be considered while performing Diwali Puja.
1. Before Laxmi Pujan, clean the entire house and sprinkle the Holy Ganga Jal for the essence of purity. Decorate the house with candles, clay-lamps, and Rangoli.
2. To perform puja one should build a puja altar. After making an altar, cover the platform with red cloth and place the sculptures of Goddess Laxmi and Lord Ganesha on it. After it, place the Kalash or lota near the altar and fill it with water.
3. Apply a tilak on Goddess Laxmi and Lord Ganesha. Ignite a Diya, and place it with sandalwood paste, rice, turmeric, saffron, abeer, gulaal, etc.
4. According to the ritis or ancient scriptures, after Lakshmi Puja, worship of Goddess Saraswati, Goddess Kali, Lord Vishnu, and Lord Kuber is performed.
5. The Puja should be performed together with family members and friends as everyone will be blessed by deities.
6. After completing the puja, one should distribute the sweets and prasad, as charity brings wealth in life.
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