Diwali is festival of lights in which people lighten up Diya’s or Lamps. Diwali is one of the biggest Hindu festivals in India, which is celebrated throughout India on the new moon, of the Karthika Month, and as per Georgian calendar it would fall around (October/November) month.
It is also performed in Indian communities all over the world. Since, it is celebrated with Lamps, Fireworks, and Diyas it is also called as the “festival of lights”, for the people, who traditionally light their house with small oil lamps. Native place these diyas in courtyards, verandas, gardens and on roof-tops as well as outer walls. It is a harvest festival that starts the celebration of the Lunar New Year. Diwali has powerful astrological energies too. Since, the celebration of Diwali is aligned with Mythological significance. It is believed that there are 12 different reasons to celebrate Diwali. The following are some of them.
Why is Diwali celebrated? Popular Belief.
Diwali is celebrated as the victory of Lord Ram over Demon king Ravana. After slaying Ravana, the King of Lanka, and completing his 14 years of exile, Lord Ram returned to Ayodhya along with his wife, Sita, and brother, Lakshmana. The day when Lord Ram entered Ayodhya was the new moon day in the month of Kartik. The People of Ayodhya welcomed Lord Ram by bursting firecrackers and lighting diyas and lamps. From then onwards, fireworks and diyas have come to symbolize the festival.
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Other Popular beliefs:
Diwali which signifies a lot of different things to the people across nation, like in the Northern parts of India, Diwali is celebrated as Lord Rama’s return to Ayodhya after the defeating of Ravana as well as his coronation as a king of Ayodhya. The festival honours Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth, in Gujrat and Maharashtra. Further the event is associated with the Goddess Kali in Bengal.
Among the Jain community, the day commemorates the passing into Nirvana of Lord Mahavira, the most recent of the Jain Tirthankaras, or saints. The lighting of the lamps is illustrated as a material alternate for the light of sacred knowledge that was quenched with Mahavira’s passing.
Everywhere, it signifies the regeneration of life, and so it is the good thing to dress in new clothes on the day of the event. It seems to have begun as a harvest carnival, yet, as the starting of the lunar New Year, it heralds the approach of wintry weather and the starting of a new sowing season.
Accordingly, Diwali in 2018:
In fact, Diwali is celebrated in the Hindu Month of Kartik. Usually October-November as per English Calendar. Thus, it is observed on the 15th day of Kartik, the holiest month in the Hindu lunar calendar. Accordingly, in 2018, Diwali would be celebrated on 7th November 2018.
Further, the Celebration of Diwali is for 5 days:
In brief the following are the five days during Diwali that mark significance:
Usually Diwali is for Five main days. The first day is called as Dhanteras. "Dhan" means wealth and "teras" refers to the 13th day of a lunar fortnight (Trayodashi) on the Hindu calendar. This day is dedicated to celebrating prosperity. Goddess Lakshmi is welcomed to one’s home and gold is purchased.
The 2nd days or the day of Chaturdashi 14th day of a lunar fortnight is celebrated as Chota Diwali. On this day it is believed that Goddess Kali and Lord Krishna are believed to have destroyed the demon Narakasura on this day.
The 3rd day or the day of Amavasya This darkest day of the month is the most significant day of the Diwali festival across India.Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped on this day too, with a special puja performed usually during the evening.
Then on the 4th day is celebrated as Govardhan Puja. This is the Prathama tithi of the Fortnight. This is performed as the day when Lord Krishna defeated Lord Indra, the god of thunder and rain.
Finally, the last day or the 5th days which is of Dwitiya tithi. This is the day when Bhai Duj is celebrated across India. It's dedicated to celebrating sisters, in a similar way that Raksha Bandhan is dedicated to brothers.
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