Basant Panchami 2020: Date, Importance, & Pujan Vidhi
By: Future Point | 29-Jan-2020Views : 258
Being celebrated to mark the onset of Spring season, Vasant Panchami or Basant Panchami is a Hindu festival observed in the Magh month’s fifth fortnight. As per the Gregorian Calendar, the day lies somewhere in between the month of February & March every year. Those in the creative field of expression hold this day as highly important, due to the ritual of paying reverence to the goddess of knowledge & wisdom, Maa Saraswati. Poets, artists, writers, singers, teachers, students- everyone inclined towards the institution of learning celebrates this day to pay homage to their wit & acumen while thanking the deity. The day is considered auspicious for Griha Pravesh, Marriage ceremonies, starting a new business venture, or buying gold/ silver as per the ancient Hindu scriptures.
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Historical Importance of Basant Panchami
The importance of the festival has been highlighted well in the ancient scriptures. In Hindi & Sanskrit, it goes by both the names, Vasant Panchami & Basant Panchami. Each scripture mentions it differently, vividly, and yet so similar. It has been said that in the olden days India and Nepal used to commemorate the day with unparalleled fervor while worshipping Lord Vishnu & Lord Kamadeva.
In the Upanishads, Vasant is connected to Maa Saraswati and in various Kavya Grantha, it is referred to as the season of Love. In the Rig Veda, Maa Saraswati has been described as:
प्रणो देवी सरस्वती वाजेभिर्वजिनीवती धीनामणित्रयवतु।
This infers that Goddess Parvati is the symbol of inner consciousness. She is the mind, the acumen, the one who safeguards the psyche of the human. She is diety who embodies our values & mannerisms. Her grace knows no bounds. She bestows a native with love, kindness, the purity of heart, and an overall abundance of character.
As per the scriptures, Lord Krishna gifted a boon to Goddess Saraswati that she will be revered on the day of Basant Panchami every year. Since that day, she has been celebrated as the Goddess of Knowledge & Wisdom. Just like the Makar Sankranti festival, there is a ritual of Kite flying on the day of Basant Panchami as well. This tradition started in China, and from there it spanned to Korea and Japan as well.
Basant Panchami 2020: Date & Muhurat Timings
- Panchami Tithi Begins: 10:45 a.m. on 29th January 2020
- Panchami Tithi Ends: Afternoon 01:19 p.m. on 30th January 2020
- Basant Panchami Puja Muhurat: Morning 10:45 a.m. till 12:34 p.m.
- Duration of Puja Muhurat: 1 Hour 49 Minutes
Importance of Basant Panchami & Color Yellow
Celebrated as the birthday of Maa Saraswati, the festival marks the onset of the Spring festival. Lord Brahma officiated the festival of harvest & beauty, spring with the birthday of Goddess Saraswati.
Basant Panchami is mainly celebrated by the Sikh & Jain community in India. Mustard strewn fields dancing with new bloom marks the Spring festival and the new crops it brings in the picture. Filling the mind and painting a bright Yellow canvas with Yellow sun rays and flowers- Basant Panchami represents luck, prosperity, and abundance. Since the Sun is in ‘Uttarayan’ position during the festival of Vasant Panchami, the rays of the Sun directly fall on the crops & fields. It indicates the richness of the crop.
By wearing Yellow color on the day of Basant Panchami, Maa Saraswati is revered for channelizing the positivity in one’s life. After taking a holy dip in the River Ganga, the devotee then dresses in yellow attire and eats Satvik Bhojan. First, the food is offered to the Goddess, and then the prasad is distributed amongst all the family members.
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Importance of Saraswati Pujan During Basant Panchami
Since ancient times, the day of Basant Panchami has been accredited with the day parents send their kids to school to attain knowledge & wisdom. People who are involved in the creative field of expression, i.e. writers, actors, poets, singers, teaching, and students celebrate this day to be the day where they can directly feel the love of Maa Saraswati.
On the day of Basant Panchami, Saraswati Puja holds major importance. There are a few conditions that need to be taken care of during the pujan:
- On the morning of Basant Panchami, after taking a bath wear saffron, white, or yellow clothes.
- Before worshipping Maa Saraswati, it is important to worship Lord Ganesha.
- As per the Skanda Puran, offer white flowers, sandalwood, white clothes to Maa Saraswati.
- Those in the musical industry, worship their instruments. Students, teachers, writers all worship their pen, books, & stationery.
- Offer a peacock feather to Maa Saraswati, followed by either yellow rice or kheer.
- Chant the Saraswati Mantra to appease the goddess for 108 times: ऊँ श्री सरस्वतयै नम:
- A special Hawan or Saraswati Pujan can also be arranged at home.
- Install a Saraswati Yantra at home or wear a Saraswati Yantra Pendant around your neck.
या कुन्देन्दुतुषारहारधवला या शुभ्रवस्त्रावृता।
या वीणावरदण्डमण्डितकरा या श्वेतपद्मासना॥
या ब्रह्माच्युत शंकरप्रभृतिभिर्देवैः सदा वन्दिता।
सा मां पातु सरस्वती भगवती निःशेषजाड्यापहा॥१॥
Meaning: Goddess of knowledge & voice of wisdom, Maa Saraswati is as holy & pure as the moon high above, or the pearls in the sea. She dresses in white and holds a Veena (musical instrument) in her hands. A white lotus is her consort. She is the one who’s worshipped by Lord Vishnu, Lord Brahma, and Lord Shiva alike. She brings light to every dark corner of the mind & removes ignorance.
शुक्लां ब्रह्मविचार सार परमामाद्यां जगद्व्यापिनीं।
हस्ते स्फटिकमालिकां विदधतीं पद्मासने संस्थिताम्।
वन्दे तां परमेश्वरीं भगवतीं बुद्धिप्रदां शारदाम्॥२॥
It is considered auspicious to adorn a Sphatik Mala in the name of Maa Saraswati, as it symbolizes her purity. The Devi is pleased with the native who values education and learning in the highest of the accord and disengages themselves from ignorance to walk on the path of light. She nurtures & harbors love, peace, and kindness above all.
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